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             23 May, 2022
 

    
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Knee Injuries

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         Views: 1818
2010-01-10 07:57:37     
Article by Joseph Devine

Knee injuries are painful and debilitating. They occur most frequently during sports or other physical activities, but they can happen at any time. There are two main categories of injuries occurring in the knee region; those that happen over time and those that happen instantaneously. Each category has a number of possible injuries that falls within in.

Kinds of Knee Injuries

As highlighted above, the two main categories of knee-related injuries are acute injuries and overuse injuries. Acute injuries are those which happen suddenly. They usually occur during a fall or when the knee takes a serious hit. This is a common sports injury. Acute injuries include sprains, fractures, ruptured tendons torn ligaments, and torn cartilage. Overuse injuries are those that occur over time, usually becoming painful when the intensity or duration of an activity is increased too quickly. Overuse injuries include tendonitis, knee bursitis, muscle strains, and iliotibial band syndrome.

Treatments for Knee Injuries

Acute knee injuries are most commonly associated with instantaneous pain. These injuries can be very severe so if you or someone you know feels a sudden, sharp pain in their knee and can no longer support themselves with the knee, call 911 immediately. As you wait for medical assistance you should, apply an ice pack to the area for 15-20 minutes out of every hour to reduce swelling and pain throughout the knee.

Overuse injuries take longer to develop and can happen over days, weeks or even months. If swelling, aching, or throbbing occurs in the knee after prolonged activity the RICE method can be used as treatment. This stands for Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation.

Resting your knee is important to keep your injury from getting worse. Keeping off the knee will help the pain go down. Ice packs applied to the area for 15-20 minutes out of every hour can reduce swelling and inflammation. It is imperative that ice packs are not left on for longer than 20 minutes out of every hour as this can cause frostbite. Compressing the knee with an elastic bandage can also reduce swelling and alleviate pain. Lastly, using a pillow to elevate the knee above the level of the heart can reduce inflammation.

Even with overuse injuries it is important that you receive medical attention for the knee. A professional opinion can identify exactly what injury you have endured and what measures should be taken for recovery.

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